Tap here to turn on desktop notifications to get the news sent straight to you. An independent media is a vital feature of any liberal democracy. This is why the importance of a free press cannot be under-estimated.
Robert McChesney comments, "And the founding fathers They understood that setting up a diverse, well funded media system with a broad range of viewpoints was the essence of building of the oxygen for democracy. And it took conscious policies.
And how has the press developed in the years since the Bill of Rights outlined its freedoms? NOW's history of media and politics takes us to the early recorded instances of journalism for some background.
In Renaissance Europe, newsletters containing information about everything from wars and economic conditions to social customs were handwritten and circulated among merchants. By the late 's, the first printed forerunners of the newspaper appeared in Germany as pamphlets or broadsides, often highly sensationalized in content.
In the 's and 50's, it was followed by a multitude of different titles in the similar newsbook format. Publication of information about contemporary affairs began in North America in the early 18th century, but they did not yet resemble the newspapers of today.
In fact, at first, the notion that "news" should provide timely accounts of recent events was not self-evident. Read about some of the milestones in America's history of media and politics: It filled only three of four 6x10 inch pages of a folded sheet of paper.
The journalist stated in his first and only issue that he would issue the newspaper "once a month, or, if any Glut of Occurrences happen, oftener. One original copy was later found in the British Library. It was heavily subsidized by the government, but the experiment was a near failure, with very limited circulation.
Colonial Era papers were typically 4-page weeklies containing local ads, short paragraphs of local hearsay, and large, unedited chunks of European political and economic news from the London press. Political news of other colonies rarely appeared; local political news was scarce until the 's.
Articles in colonial papers, brilliantly conceived by revolutionary propagandists, were a major force that influenced public opinion in America from reconciliation with England to full political independence. As conflict with England grew intense, colonial printers were compelled to choose sides.
Cosby accused Zenger of seditious libel. The law of seditious libel held that the greater the truth, the greater the libel, meaning that if the articles were true, they would, of course, undermine the Governor's authority.
Zenger was represented by the most prominent attorney in British America, Andrew Hamilton. Reasoning that his client should be acquitted because what he had published about the governor was, in fact, true, Hamilton convinced the jury to find Zenger not guilty.
The Brief Narrative argued that newspapers should be free to criticize the government as long as what they wrote was true. The article helped shape the political culture that led to the Revolutionary War and the subsequent adoption of the Bill of Rights. The ratification of the Bill of Rights guaranteed freedom of the press in Amendment 1, which reads, "Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances.
Congress supported the press with preferential postal rates.Chart the evolution of broadcasting by taking a look at TV news history over the past 50 years to decide whether all the new equipment and ways of presenting the news truly make for a better broadcast. The magnitude of technological change over the past 10 years has been astonishing; the next 10 will surely be more so.
New social media are already changing the way organizations attract supporters. According to the American Community Survey, more than 50 percent of households in America were headed by an unmarried person during that year.
And by , almost 40 percent of children were born to unmarried, adult mothers. This paper provides an overview of the positive and negative effects of new mass media introductions on the magazine publishing industry from an historical perspective.
of the positive and negative effects of new mass media introductions on magazine publishing in the United States over the last century. 50 Years of literary revelry and. The Evolution of the Mass Media. has become dominant in the last 50 years. Today, advances in technology are blurring the distinction between the print and broadcast media.
The Internet makes information available that is also published in newspapers and magazines or presented over the radio and TV.
Third Parties in American Politics. A recent story by Mary Hawkesworth, director for the Center of American Women and Politics, recounts the participation of women in the political system: And I quote: “At the outset of the 21st century, women hold only 12% of the seats in Congress, 22% of the seats in the state legislatures, 6% of the nation’s 50 governorships, 36% of the.