How is chronic respiratory failure diagnosed?
Some of the most common are asthmachronic obstructive pulmonary diseaseand acute respiratory distress syndrome.
CRDs are not curable; however, various forms of treatment that help dilate major air passages and improve shortness of breath can help control symptoms and increase the quality of life for people with the diseases.
Restrictive lung diseases are a category of respiratory disease characterized by a loss of lung compliance causing incomplete lung expansion and increased lung stiffness, such as in infants with respiratory distress syndrome.
Respiratory tract infections[ edit ] Infections can affect any part of the respiratory system. They are traditionally divided into upper respiratory tract infections and lower respiratory tract infections.
Upper respiratory tract infection[ edit ] The most common upper respiratory tract infection is the common cold. However, infections of specific organs of the upper respiratory tract such as sinusitistonsillitisotitis mediapharyngitis and laryngitis are also considered upper respiratory tract infections.
Lower respiratory tract infection[ edit ] The most common lower respiratory tract infection is pneumoniaan infection of the lungs which is usually caused by bacteria, particularly Streptococcus pneumoniae in Western countries.
Worldwide, tuberculosis is an important cause of pneumonia. Other pathogens such as viruses and fungi can cause pneumonia for example severe acute respiratory syndrome and pneumocystis pneumonia.
A pneumonia may develop complications such as a lung abscess, a round cavity in the lung caused by the infection, or may spread to the pleural cavity. Poor oral care may be a contributing factor to lower respiratory disease.
New research suggests bacteria from gum disease travel through airways and into the lungs. The majority of respiratory system cancers are attributable to smoking tobacco. The major histological types of respiratory system cancer are:COPD: Definition Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a lung disease characterized by chronic obstruction of lung airflow that interferes with normal breathing and is not fully reversible.
The more familiar terms 'chronic bronchitis' and 'emphysema' are no longer used, but are now included within the COPD diagnosis. Preventing Chronic Lung Disease in Extremely Premature Infants The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators.
Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Chronic Respiratory Disease Questionnaire-CRQ Name of Questionnaire. Chronic Respiratory Disease Questionnaire (CRQ) Description. The CRQ is an interviewer-administered questionnaire measuring both physical and emotional aspects of chronic respiratory disease.
COPD: Definition Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a lung disease characterized by chronic obstruction of lung airflow that interferes with normal breathing and is not fully reversible. The more familiar terms 'chronic bronchitis' and 'emphysema' are no longer used, but are now included within the COPD diagnosis.
A chronic condition is a human health condition or disease that is persistent or otherwise long-lasting in its effects or a disease that comes with time. The term chronic is often applied when the course of the disease lasts for more than three months. Many different chronic diseases may occur in the same patient (e.g.
chronic respiratory diseases, cardiovascular disease and cancer). The treatment of chronic diseases demands a long-term and systematic approach.