Soviet constructivist architecture and its influences

They are currently almost ubiquitous, but they nearly disappeared from the historical record — something almost accidentally documented in the Royal Academy show Building the Revolution: Soviet Art and Architecture The bulk of the artworks in the show come from the collection of George Costakis, a Greek diplomat resident in Moscow from the s until the s.

Soviet constructivist architecture and its influences

Definition[ edit ] Shukhov TowerMoscow Currently under threat of demolition, and there is an international campaign to save it. After the Russian Revolution of it turned its attentions to the new social demands and industrial tasks required of the new regime.

The movement then developed along socially utilitarian lines. The productivist majority gained the support of the Proletkult and the magazine LEFand later became the dominant influence of the architectural group O.

Though it remained unbuilt, the materials—glass and steel—and its futuristic ethos and political slant the movements of its internal volumes were meant to symbolise revolution and the dialectic set the tone for the projects of the s. Nonetheless, the Soviet avant-garde school Vkhutemas started an architectural wing inwhich was led by the architect Nikolai Ladovskywhich was called ASNOVA association of new architects.

Melnikov would design the Soviet Pavilion at the Paris Exposition of Decorative Arts ofwhich popularised the new style, with its rooms designed by Rodchenko and its jagged, mechanical form.

Modern offices for the mass press were also popular, such as the Izvestia headquarters. The term social condenser was coined to describe their aims, which followed from the ideas of V.

Leninwho wrote in that the real emancipation of women and real communism begins with the mass struggle against these petty household chores and the true reforming of the mass into a vast socialist household. Ginzburg critiqued the idea of building in the new society being the same as in the old: The leading rationalist Ladovsky designed his own, rather different kind of mass housing, completing a Moscow apartment block in The everyday and the utopian[ edit ] Narkomfin Building by Moisei Ginzburg.

A central aim of the Constructivists was instilling the avant-garde in everyday life. Melnikov House and his Bakhmetevsky Bus Garage are fine examples of the tensions between individualism and utilitarianism in Constructivism. Khidekel - Moscow Cooperative Institute The Sotsgorod and town planning[ edit ] Town Hall by Noi Trotsky, Leningrad, —4 Despite the ambitiousness of many Constructivist proposals for reconstructed cities, there were fairly few examples of coherent Constructivist town planning.

However the Narvskaya Zastava district of Leningrad became a focus for Constructivism. Beginning in communal housing was designed for the area by architects like A. At this point the Constructivists were divided between urbanists and disurbanists who favoured a garden city or linear city model.

The duplex apartments and collective facilities of the OSA group were a major influence on his later work. El Lissitzky also popularised the style abroad with his book The Reconstruction of Architecture in Russia. However, this coincided with widespread criticism of Modernism, which was always difficult to sustain in a still mostly agrarian country.

There was also the critique that the style merely copied the forms of technology while using fairly routine construction methods. Housing projects like the Narkomfin were designed for the attempts to reform everyday life in the s, such as collectivisation of facilities, equality of the sexes and collective raising of children, all of which fell out of favour as Stalinism revived family values.

Soviet constructivist architecture and its influences

For a few years some structures were designed in a composite style sometimes called Postconstructivism. After this brief synthesis, Neo-Classical reaction was totally dominant until Rationalist buildings were still common in industrial architecture, but extinct in urban projects.

Soviet constructivist architecture and its influences

Clearly Modernist competition entries were made by the Vesnin brothers and Ivan Leonidov for the Narkomtiazhprom project in Red Square,another unbuilt Stalinist edifice. Legacy[ edit ] Due in part to its political commitment—and its replacement by Stalinist architecture —the mechanistic, dynamic forms of Constructivism were not part of the calm Platonism of the International Style as it was defined by Philip Johnson and Henry-Russell Hitchcock.

Their book included only one building from the USSR, an electrical laboratory by a government team led by Nikolaev. Outside the USSR, Constructivism has often been seen as an alternative, more radical modernism, and its legacy can be seen in designers as diverse as Team 10Archigram and Kenzo Tangeas well as in much Brutalist work.

Their integration of the avant-garde and everyday life has parallels with the Situationistsparticularly the New Babylon project of Guy Debord and Constant Nieuwenhuys. Deconstructivism evokes the dynamism of Constructivism, though without the social aspect, as in the work of Coop Himmelb l au.

In the late s Rem Koolhaas wrote a parable on the political trajectory of Constructivism called The Story of the Pool, in which Constructivists escape from the USSR in a self-powering Modernist swimming pool, only to die, after being criticised for much the same reasons as they were under Stalinism, soon after their arrival in the USA.

Meanwhile, many of the original Constructivist buildings are poorly preserved or in danger of imminent demolition.Soviet Constructivist Architecture and its influences Essays: Over , Soviet Constructivist Architecture and its influences Essays, Soviet Constructivist Architecture and its influences Term Papers, Soviet Constructivist Architecture and its influences Research Paper, Book Reports.

ESSAYS, term and research papers available for UNLIMITED access. Constructivist architecture was a form of modern architecture that flourished in the Soviet Union in the s and early s. It combined advanced technology and engineering with an avowedly Communist social purpose.

Although it was divided into several competing factions, the movement produced many pioneering projects and finished buildings. See the latest news and architecture related to Constructivism, only on ArchDaily.

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