In his defense, Eichmann and many other Nazis argued they were simply law-abiding men implementing the ordered policies of their government — policies that included exterminating millions of people. The results were shocking. Stanley Milgram carefully screened subjects to be Participants representing typical U.
First I will discuss the reason for Milgrims study of obedience to authority. Then I will explain the experiment, its formulation, and its results.
Finally I will cover the influence of the experiment on psychology and society. He earned his bachelors degree in Political Sciences from Queens College, where he never even took a course in psychology. He then applied to Harvard for his Ph. After taking a few courses in psychology he was accepted to Harvartd where he earned his Ph.
The world was in the wake of World War II and society was still shocked by the discovery of what was really going on in Europe during the war.
How could one man get an entire country to go along with such an evil plan? Why did people listen to Hitler and blindly obey his orders? Everyone thought to themselves that they would never do the things the Nazis did if they were being told to by their government.
No one wanted to believe that people were so submissive to authority that they would carry out orders they knew were wrong Blass. Milgrim wanted to find out how far a person will go when they are given orders by an authoritative figure.
Milgrim however suspected that people would succumb to authority further than they liked to think Slater. Milgrim first became interested in this area of psychology at Harvard where he was a research assistant to social psychologist Solomom Asch. Asch conducted conformity experiments in which the subject was seated among seven other people who he believed to be subjects as well but were actually part of the experiment.
Each person was asked which one of three lines was equal in length to a fourth.
Some of the seven fake subjects would give wrong answers and it was found that one third of the time the real subject would follow the majority and give the same incorrect answer. Milgrim altered this experiment and conducted it in Norway and France so he could compare the way people of different cultures responded to peer pressure.
In Milgrims experiment subjects identified which one of two of tones was longer. As subjects waited for their trial, they heard fake subjects give wrong answers. Milgrim found that Norwegians conformed and gave the same answer as the majority more often than the French did Blass.
After Milgrim earned his Ph. The next year he started his famous "shock experiment" Blass. The subjects of the experiment believed that they were taking part in a study on the relationship of learning and punishment.
The subject would sit in a room and ask questions to an actor in another room, who was supposed to be another subject. In front of the questioner was a box that had a series of buttons labeled from 15 volts to volts.
The subject was told to shock the person every time they answered incorrectly, increasing the voltage each time. As the shocks got worse, the actor would make noise, bang on the wall, yell for help, etc.
Milgrim found, contrary to many psychologists predictions, that sixty-five percent of the subjects delivered the shocks all the way up to volts Slater.Punishment in the Milgram Obedience Experiment Essay example Words | 4 Pages. The Milgram obedience experiment began in July of The experiment was conducted by Stanley Milgram, a psychologist at Yale University.
Authority is the right to exercise power, which can be formalized by a state and exercised by way of judges, appointed executives of government, or the ecclesiastical or priestly appointed representatives of a God or other deities..
A governing body may be labelled an authority e.g. the Puerto Rico Electric Power Authority or the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. A TV news broadcast last week on ABC affiliate, Channel 10 (KGTV), in San Diego, California, featured a woman, Facika Tafara, who reported that she is being stalked by perpetrators who are using the sort of counterintelligence disruption operation tactics described in this regardbouddhiste.comtly, the stalkers have been conducting a variant of “gaslighting” operations (break-ins intended to.
Social Psychology and the Stanford Prison Experiment by Philip Zimbardo - Social psychology is an empirical science that studies how people think about, influence, and relate to one another.
Welcome to the official Stanford Prison Experiment website, which features extensive information about a classic psychology experiment that inspired an award-winning movie, New York Times bestseller, and documentary DVD.
Hannah Arendt. In moral philosopher and political theorist Hannah Arendt, a Jew, watched the trial of Adolf Eichmann (April – August), the architect of moving Jews to the Nazi gas chambers.