He is best known for his humorous genre scenes, warm-hearted and animated works in which he treats life as a vast comedy of manners. This, however, gives a misleadingly one-sided view of Steen, for he has many other facets. He painted portraits, historical, mythological, and religious subjects he was a Catholicand the animals, birds, and still-life details in his pictures rival those by any of his specialist contemporaries.
Jan Steen Painting Reproductions Gallery 1 of 1 c. Psychological insight, sense of humour and abundance of colour are marks of his trade. Life Steen was born into a well-to-do, Catholic family that had run the tavern The Red Halbert in Leiden for several generations.
He received his painterly education from Nicolaes Knupfera German painter of historical and figurative scenes in Utrecht.
Influences of Knupfer can be found in Steen's use of composition and colour. Another source of inspiration was Adriaen van Ostade -painter of rural scenes, who lived in Haarlem. Whether Steen actually studied with Ostade is not known. In Jan Steen joined the Sint Lucas Guild of painters at Leiden, but soon after became an assistant to renowned landscape painter Jan van Goyen and moved into his house on the Bierkade in The Hague.
On Oct 3, he married van Goyen's daughter Margriet, with whom he would have seven children. Steen worked with his father-in-law untilwhen he moved to Delft, where he ran brewery De Roscam The Curry Comb without much success.
He lived in Warmond from till and in Haarlem from till in which period he was especially productive. Inafter the death of his wife in and his father inSteen moved back to Leiden, where he stayed the rest of his life.
In April he married again, with Maria van Egmont, who gave him another child. In he became president of the Sint Lucas Guild. He died in and was interred in a family grave in the Pieterskerk. Works Daily life was Jan Steen's main pictorial theme.
Many of the scenes he portrayed are lively to the point of chaos and lustfulness, even so much that a Jan Steen household, meaning a messy scene, became a Dutch proverb een huishouden van Jan Steen.
Many of Steen's paintings bear references to old Dutch proverbs or literature. He often used members of his family as a model. Jan Steen painted also quite a few self-portraits, in which he showed no tendency of vanity.
Steen did not shy from other themes: His portraits of children are famous.
He is also well known for his mastery of light and attention to detail, most notably in textiles. Steen was prolific, producing about paintings, of which roughly survive. Steen's work was valued much by contemporaries and as a result he was reasonably well paid for his work.View artworks for sale by Steen, Jan Jan Steen (, Dutch).
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The Family Concert (Jan Steen #) John Smith, A Catalogue Raisonné of the Works of the Most Eminent Dutch, Flemish, and French Painters, vol. 4 (London, ), pp. 59–60, no. Jan Steen: Jan Steen, Dutch painter of genre, or everyday, scenes, often lively interiors bearing a moralizing theme.
Steen is unique among leading 17th-century Dutch painters for his humour; he has often been compared to the French comic playwright Molière, his contemporary, and indeed both men treated life.
Jan Steen, The Dancing Couple (detail), , oil on canvas, National Gallery of Art, Washington, Widener Collection, The Dancing Couple, oil on canvas by Jan Steen, ; in the collection of the National Gallery of Art, Washington,.