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In general, Latin Americans experience significantly less stress — and also smile more — on a daily basis than Americans. The gaps between the poor and rich in the US were significantly wider by 1. The gaps between the expectations and sentiments of rich and poor in the US are also greater than in many other countries in east Asia and Europe the other regions studied.
It seems that being poor in a very wealthy and unequal country — which prides itself on being a meritocracy, and eschews social support for those who fall behind — results in especially high levels of stress and desperation.
But my research also yielded some surprises.
With the low levels of belief in the value of hard work and high levels of stress among poor respondents in the US as a starting point, I compared optimism about the future across poor respondents of different races.
This was based on a question in the US Gallup daily poll that asks respondents where they think they will be five years from now on a step life satisfaction ladder. Read more I found that poor minorities — and particularly black people — were much more optimistic about the future than poor white people.
Indeed, poor black respondents were three times as likely to be a point higher up on the optimism ladder than were poor whites, while poor Hispanic people were one and a half times more optimistic than whites.
Poor black people were also half as likely as poor whites to experience stress the previous day, while poor Hispanics were only two-thirds as likely as poor whites. What explains the higher levels of optimism among minorities, who have traditionally faced discrimination and associated challenges?
There is no simple answer. One factor is that poor minorities have stronger informal safety nets and social support, such as families and churches, than do their white counterparts. Psychologists also find that minorities are more resilient and much less likely to report depression or commit suicide than are whites in the face of negative shocks, perhaps due to a longer trajectory of dealing with negative shocks and challenges.
Another critical issue is the threat and reality of downward mobility for blue-collar whites, particularly in the heartland of the country where manufacturing, mining, and other jobs have hollowed out.
Andrew Cherlin of Johns Hopkins University finds that poor black and Hispanic people are much more likely than poor white people to report that they live better than their parents did. Poor whites are more likely to say they live worse than their parents did; they, in particular, seem to be living the erosion of the American dream.
The American problem Why does this matter? My research from a decade ago — since confirmed by other studies — found that individuals who were optimistic about their futures tended to have better health and employment outcomes.
Those who believe in their futures tend to invest in those futures, while those who are consumed with stress, daily struggles and a lack of hope, not only have less means to make such investments, but also have much less confidence that they will pay off.
Desperate people are more likely to die prematurely, but living with a lot of premature death can also erode hope The starkest marker of lack of hope in the US is a significant increase in premature mortality in the past decade — driven by an increase in suicides and drug and alcohol poisoning and a stalling of progress against heart disease and lung cancer — primarily but not only among middle-aged uneducated white people.
Mortality rates for black and Hispanic people, while higher on average than those for whites, continued to fall during the same time period. The reasons for this trend are multi-faceted. One is the coincidence of an all-too-readily-available supply of drugs such as opioids, heroin and fentanyl, with the shrinking of blue-collar jobs — and identities - primarily due to technological change.American Dream: A Myth or Not Many people have dreams whether it be to buy their dream car, dream house, or go on their dream vacation.
Here in the land of freedom and opportunities, we all strive from one dream ; the American Dream.
The American Dream Essay American dreams - Words H. W. Brands. American dreams: The United States Since New York: Penguin Group, Pp. x, After World War II, the United States emerged as the greatest super power.
The U.S. emerged stronger than it entered.
The American Dream: What Does It Mean Dreams come Into deferent varieties, big, small, colorful, black and white, long, short, and other things that you can think of. But there Is only one dream that every American wants to achieve, that is the American dream. The American dream started way back when America was founded.
The Myth of the American Dream. Revelation of some realities behind the American Dream. Success is what the American Dream is all about. American Dream A life of freedom, equality, and opportunity, more commonly known as the American Dream, motivates people every day to achieve personal happiness and material comfort.
John Winthrop, Judith Sargent Murray, and Ben Franklin encouraged this lifestyle by writing to the people of the United States explaining in their own way .
The American Dream can either be a reality or a nightmare depending upon the cultural prejudices and availability of freedom. Individuals who are united through some common bond, which may be religion social status of color, create a group or class of people.