The poet's grandfather had violated tradition by making his younger son, Charles, his heir, and arranging for the poet's father to enter the ministry. See the Tennyson Family Tree. The contrast of his own family's relatively straitened circumstances to the great wealth of his aunt Elizabeth Russell and uncle Charles Tennyson who lived in castles!
Although his legacy is as a great Liberal reformer, he began his career as a Tory member of Parliament for Newark in December The year was important because it witnessed the passage of the Great Reform Bill ofa first and historic step to enfranchise a larger segment of the British population.
Before this, members of Parliament were often chosen by corrupt lords or magnates, which guaranteed the election of members handpicked by the influential local political power.
The passage of successive Reform Bills in the 19th century is considered to have been the main reason that Britain missed the tides of revolution that swept through Europe during the same period.
While author Philip Magnus says Gladstone was opposed to the actual institution of slavery, he was against the sudden abolishment of slavery without due planning.
When Peel resigned as prime minister inGladstone loyally followed him. Serving under Peel, Gladstone became aware of the problems in Ireland and embarked on the political cause of home rule for Ireland that would dominate the later years of his political life.
In he became the member of Parliament for Oxford University, a unique indication of the value of Oxford to the nation. When the Tory George Gordon, Lord Aberdeen, formed a coalition government inGladstone became chancellor of the exchequer.
Once the Crimean War began inthe Aberdeen government was blamed for all the mismanagement that dogged the British army in the long and bloody struggle with Russia, which Britain fought as an ally of the Ottoman Empire. Aberdeen himself would die in By this time, Gladstone had earned such a name as a competent public servant that Henry Temple, Lord Palmerston, the Whig who had formed the coalition ministry with Aberdeen, offered Gladstone his old position as chancellor of the exchequer in June When Palmerston died inLord John Russell became prime minister and requested that Gladstone stay on at the exchequer.
Moreover, Gladstone became leader of the Liberals in the House of Commons. The workers in the factories were demanding more of a say in their government. When Edward Stanley became prime minister inBenjamin Disraeli, the Conservative leader in the House of Commons, also realized that another reform bill had become a political necessity.
Together, in a rare display of partisan unity, the two future political rivals joined forces and mustered enough votes to pass the Second Reform Bill in In the same year the Conservatives were defeated in the general elections and Gladstone became prime minister.
While the Reform Bill opened the franchise far wider, it nevertheless still left open the voting system for abuse. In Gladstone passed the Ballot Act to ensure secret, safe, voting. In Disraeli became the new prime minister, inaugurating the fascinating political situation where the two most powerful and astute politicians of their day took turns holding the office of prime minister.
It was also a time of epochal change for Britain, for from this time on the events of its growing empire took perhaps even greater involvement of its government than the affairs at home which had previously commanded all the talents of Gladstone and Disraeli.
In the Christian subjects of the Ottoman Empire rebelled against Turkish rule. Sultan Abdul Aziz began a reign of terror, killing thousands of men, women, and children.
The rebellion ultimately led to Russian intervention on the side of the Christian Slavs. Gladstone, motivated by reports of the slaughter, wrote his Bulgarian Horrors and the Question of the East in War between the Russians and Great Britain was finally averted when Chancellor Otto von Bismarck chaired the Congress of Berlin in to effect a diplomatic solution to the Balkan crisis.
In Parliament was dissolved by Disraeli in March. Disraeli, thinking he could score an impressive political triumph, lost the general election, and Gladstone was returned to office as prime minister. When British troops under General George Colley were slaughtered in the Battle of Majuba Hill, instead of taking revenge, Gladstone granted political self-government to the Boers in their Transvaal Republic.
Either through advancing age or a godlike determination that he alone knew what was best, Gladstone almost always found himself at odds with the British people on imperial matters.
In Disraeli bought the controlling interests in the Suez Canal from the bankrupt Khedive Ismail of Egypt and Gladstone was later forced to send a British expeditionary force to Egypt. Gladstone now was confronted with a virtual British colony in Egypt. His imperial involvement did not end there. One Egyptian expedition under General William Hicks to crush the Mahdi ended in total defeat, and the Mahdi created a separate Sudanese state.
When it became clear that Gordon was determined to remain in Khartoum, Gladstone authorized a British relief expedition to be sent up the Nile to Khartoum, all the while hoping Gordon would change his mind at the last moment.
When the first elements of the relief force finally reached Khartoum in Januaryit was clear that the city had fallen to the Mahdi and Gordon had been killed.Parliamentary Reform regardbouddhiste.com spread the vote more evenly over the country. There was a marked shift in the balance of power from the landed aristocracy to the urban middle classes.
Benjamin Disraeli, 1st Earl of Beaconsfield, KG, PC, FRS (21 December – 19 April ) was a British statesman of the Conservative Party who twice served as Prime Minister of the United regardbouddhiste.com played a central role in the creation of the modern Conservative Party, defining its policies and its broad regardbouddhiste.comli is remembered for his influential voice in world affairs, his.
Alfred Tennyson was born August 6th, , at Somersby, Lincolnshire, fourth of twelve children of George and Elizabeth (Fytche) Tennyson.
The poet's grandfather had violated tradition by making his younger son, Charles, his heir, and arranging for the poet's father to enter the ministry. Essays and criticism on Benjamin Disraeli - Critical Essays Benjamin Disraeli Critical Essays.
Homework Help William Gladstone, when he died in Read this History Other Research Paper and over 88, other research documents. Gladstone & Disraeli. Disraeli became Prime Minister. He was 70 years old,in frail health and desolated by his wife's death, but he made. Gladstone & Disraeli Essay Disraeli became Prime Minister.
He was 70 years old,in frail health and desolated by his wife's death, but he made the most of his opportunity at the top—after a quarter-century rebuilding the Tory party.
Both Gladstone and Disraeli during their ministries had to solve problems there; however both had.