The Ganges Basin drains 1,square-kilometresq mi and supports one of the world's highest densities of humans. The average depth of the river is 52 feet 17 mand the maximum depth, feet 33 m.
The Ganges water sharing problem is not only the longest standing source of dispute between Bangladesh and India but also by now one of the most elaborately studied subjects in inter state relations in South Asia. The flow of the Ganges water stands waters above the sea level at its points of origin in Nepal and traverse for about kms through Nepal, India and Bangladesh before falling in the Bay of Bengal.
The main stream of Ganges splits into two channels before entering into Bangladesh, one flowing as Bhagirathi-Hoogli into West Bengal and the other as Padma into Bangladesh. The Ganges water dispute centres around the Barrage and the feeder canal constructed by India at Farakka, 18 kms upstream from Bangladesh.
The Barrage is designed to divert part of Ganges dry season flow through the Hoogli-Bhagirathi river for flushing the silt in Calcutta port. The impact of the Ganges water i. Since them there was a total vacuum in the arrangement. The Governments of Bangladesh endeavored to their utmost to solve the issue.
However, amidst of all efforts, due to 1 the unilateral apothegm withdrawal of water by India the agro-economic condition of Bangladesh aggravated to the maximum.
And thus, a long term water sharing treaty has been in all aspect a need of the time.
The Ganges water sharing treaty signed on December 12, is very significant. Infect it was a thorny issue in the relationship between the two countries. Since the commissioning of the Farakka Barrage inBangladeshi agricultural, fishery, forestry, navigation, industry and every possible productive sector has been exposed to disastrous consequences.
Historical balance has been servile disrupted by this substantial diversion of the Ganges flow during the dry season. Bangladesh proposed construction of the excess monsoon flow through storage in the Ganges basin in India and Nepal.
India proposed instead transferring water from Brahmaputra river. Each side rejected the others proposal. The negotiations were then in a deadlock.
All on a sudden the bilateral relation improved with the change of government in Bangladesh. An the long term treaty signed on Ganges water sharing is a reflection of that relationship between Bangladesh and India. One striking feature of the Ganges as a river is that its flow are highly seasonal, with heavy floods during the monsoon and actuate scarcity during the dry season.
|Ganges Water Treaty||Bhagirathi River at Gangotri. Devprayagconfluence of Alaknanda right and Bhagirathi left rivers, beginning of the Ganges proper.|
|Effects of Ganges Treaty on Bangladeshn Essay | Free Essays on Parson's College||Causes[ edit ] The main causes of water pollution in the Ganges river are the increase in the population density, various human activities such as bathing, washing clothes, the bathing of animals, and dumping of various harmful industrial waste into the river.|
|Ganges Facts for Kids||The Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna mega-basin is the second largest hydraulic region in the world, and one of the most densely populated regions.|
|Pollution of the Ganges - Wikipedia||The corre- sponding discharge for the Ganges at Hardinge Bridge was determined from the monthly linear regression relationships between the monthly mean discharge of the Gorai and Ganges rivers. The adequacy of the regression models was checked by the standard meth- ods.|
The presents treaty assures a limited water for the lower riparian Bangladesh. The questions that arise out of this are: How best we can utilize the water for our agro-economic development, b.
What are the implication of the treaty on our national economy and regional relationship? This paper endeavors to bring answers to these questions. This paper aims to highlight the utility and impact of the Ganges water treaty signed on 12 Dec 96, on the economy of Bangladesh and her relationship with the regional countries.
Adverse Effects of the Reduction of the Ganges Flow. Impact of reduction of the Ganges flow in various sectors are inter dependent and inter linked.
Some of these are quantifiable while some other can only be qualitatively discussed. Economic life of the south-west region of Bangladesh is dependent on the Ganges. Of its distributors, the Gorai plays the dominant role as it passes towards the industrial belt of Khulna.
The sweet water supply through the Gorai is vital for-pushing back salinity and keeping an overall environmental balance. The distributor to also the source of potential irrigation development. The reduction of dry season January — May natural flows in the Ganges in Bangladesh reduces the hydraulic efficiency of the channel.
The flow situation became grave after expiry of the agreement in and continued unabated to date. The fall of ground water about 10 feet has been observed in most of the wells along both the banks of the rivers the Ganges, the Mohananda and the Gorai-Modhumati from the prediversion normal level since Normal fall of ground water level and its fluctuations were observed to be maximum river the bank of the rivers.
The quality of ground water has also deteriorated. Channel morphology to the Ganges and its distributors have also been affected since commissioning of the Farakka Barrage. A study of the longitudinal bed profile of the Ganges reverted the fact that the Bed of the Ganges has cited up substantially in the recent past comported to the pre-diversion period.
This contributes to higher flood in the monsoon months. A total of km of water ways, which were navigable during pre-diversion time have been adversely affected during the past diversion period. The confluence of the Ganges and the Brahmaputra was affected by shoos.
As a consequence, the BIWTA ferries are facing severe problems and dredging requirements have gone up.Bangladesh is sensitive to diversion of Ganges water through Farakka barrage which adversely affected her ecology and economy.
37 per cent of the total area and 33 per cent of the total population of Bangladesh is dependent on Ganges basin (Hossain ).
As a result of reduced flow of Ganges, Bangladesh has faced problem in the field of. Indo-Bangladesh Ganges Water Treaty signed in December addressed some of the water sharing issues between India and Bangladesh. Tehri Dam was constructed on Bhagirathi River, tributary of the Ganges.
It is located km downstream of Ganesh Prayag, the place where Bhilangana meets Bhagirathi. Effects of climate change. The Tibetan. Pollution of the Ganga River: Death Threat to a Life-Line deterioration of the condition of the Ganga and the failure of its pollution mitigation efforts can have cascading effects on the India and its growth story.
Become a Fair Observer and help us make sense of the world. Abstract. Sharing of the Ganges water was a subject of bilateral dispute between Bangladesh and India for more than three decades.
Before the emergence of Bangladesh in as an independent nation, Pakistan and India wrangled over it for 20 years. War on Waters: Revisiting the Ganges Treaty in the Context of Climate Change Bangladesh is a country where the lives of a considerable part of the population are directly connected with its rivers.
As a result, shared watercourses are a matter of great concern in this region. Ganges River, Hindi Ganga, great river of the plains of northern India. Although officially as well as popularly called the Ganga in Hindi and in other Indian languages, internationally it is known by its conventional name, the regardbouddhiste.com time immemorial it has been the holy river of Hinduism.