Cohen, Ph D J. Gettler, MA, Ph D University of Toronto Mississauga Introduction Historians study the past to understand it on its own terms, to gain insight into how our world has developed, and in order to influence the present. The study of history is at the core of any liberal arts education.
Print UNESCO Heritage in Korea Since the earliest settlements on the Korean Peninsula and in southeastern Manchuria during prehistoric times, the people of Korea have developed a distinctive culture based on their unique artistic sensibility.
The geographical conditions of the peninsula provided Koreans with opportunities to receive both continental and maritime cultures and ample resources, which in turn enabled them to form unique cultures of interest to and value for the rest of humanity, both then and now.
Gyeongju was the capital of Silla for about one millennium. At the present time, Korean arts and culture are attracting many enthusiasts around the world.
Recently, Korean monochrome paintings have become the talk of the global art world. The unique artistic sensibility reflected in the diverse artifacts and tomb murals of the Three Kingdoms Period became richer and more profound as Korea progressed through the periods of Unified SillaGoryeo and Joseon This aesthetic sensibility has been handed down through the generations to the Korean artists, and even ordinary members of the public, of our time.
Korea preserves a wealth of priceless cultural heritage, some of which have been inscribed on the lists of human legacies protected by UNESCO. Thereafter it maintained its prestigious position untilwhen Gyeongbokgung was renovated and restored to its original status.
Injeongjeon Hall in Changdeokgung Palace. The Palace Hall was used for important state events such as the Coronation of Kings, royal audiences, and formal reception of foreign envoys. Although it was built during the Joseon Period. Changdeokgung shows traces of the influence of the architectural tradition of Goryeo, such as its location at the foot of a mountain.
Royal palaces were typically built according to a layout planned to highlight the dignity and authority of its occupant, but the layout of Changdeokgung was planned to make the most of the characteristic geographical features of the skirt of Bugaksan Mountain.
The original palace buildings have been preserved intact, including Donhwamun Gate, its main entrance, Injeongjeon Hall; Seonjeongjeon Hall, and a beautiful traditional garden to the rear of the main buildings.
The palace also contains Nakseonjae, a compound of exquisite traditional buildings set up in the midth century as a residence for members of the royal family. As Joseon was founded according to Confucian ideology, its rulers considered it very important to put Confucian teachings into practice and sanctify the institutions where ancestral memorial tablets were enshrined.
The central Confucian shrine of Joseon housing the spirit tablets of Joseon Kings and their Consorts. The two main buildings at the Royal Shrine, Jeongjeon Hall and Yeongnyeongjeon Hall exhibit a fine symmetry, and there are differences in the height of the raised platform, the height to the eaves and the roof top, and the thickness of the columns according to their status.
The entire sanctuary retains its original features, including the two shrine halls which exhibit the unique architectural style of the 16th century. Seasonal memorial rites commemorating the life and achievements of the royal ancestors of Joseon are still performed at the shrine.
The fortification is elaborately and carefully designed to effectively perform its function of protecting the city enclosed within it. The construction of the fortress and related facilities involved the use of scientific devices developed by the distinguished Confucian thinker and writer Jeong Yak-yongincluding the Geojunggi type of crane and Nongno pulley wheel used to lift heavy building materials such as stones.
Seokguram Grotto and Bulguksa Temple Seokguram, located on the middle slopes of Tohamsan Mountain in Gyeongju, Gyeongsangbuk-do Province, is a Buddhist hermitage with an artificial stone cave built in to serve as a dharma hall.
The hall houses an image of seated Buddha surrounded by his guardians and followers carved in relief, which is widely admired as a great masterpiece. The cave faces east and is designed so that the principal Buddha receives the first rays of the sun rising from the East Sea on his head.
The two pagodas are widely regarded as the finest extant Silla pagodas: Hwaseong Fortress in Suwon This 18th century fortification was built on the basis of the most advanced knowledge and techniques known to both East and West at that time. Bulguksa Temple This Silla temple established in the 6th century is architecturally known for being one of the finest examples of Buddhist doctrine anywhere in the world.
Seokguram Grotto The principal Buddha seated on a lofty lotus pedestal at the center of the grotto. Dabotap, or the Pagoda of Abundant Treasures, is marked by a unique structure built with elaborately carved granite blocks. It also features on the face of the Korean 10 won coin.
By contrast, Seokgatap, or the Pagoda of Shakyamuni, is better known for its delightfully simple structure which exhibits fine symmetry and balance. The pagoda is now generally regarded as the archetype of all the three-story stone pagodas built across Korea thereafter.
The bridges symbolize the journey every Buddhist needs to make to reach the Pure Land of Bliss. Royal Tombs of the Joseon Dynasty The Joseon Dynasty left behind a total of fortyfour tombs of its Kings and their Queen Consorts, most of which are located in and around the capital area including the cities of Guri, Goyang and Namyangju in Gyeonggi-do Province.
The Royal Tombs of Joseon are highly regarded as tangible heritage that reflect the values held by the Korean people, which were drawn from Confucian ideology and the feng shui tradition. These historical remains are also valued highly for having been preserved in their original condition for anywhere from one to six hundred years.
Janggyeongpanjeon Depositories of Haeinsa Temple, Hapcheon The Printing Woodblocks of the Tripitaka Koreana, which was made during the Goryeo Periodare housed in two depositories specially made for that purpose in at Haeinsa Temple.
As the oldest remaining buildings at the temple, the Tripitaka depositories are marked by the uniquely scientific and highly effective method of controlling ventilation and moisture to ensure the safe storage of the age-old woodblocks. The buildings were built side by side at the highest point about m above sea level in the precincts of Haeinsa Temple, which is located on the mid-slope of Gayasan Mountain.
What makes these depositories so special is their unique design which provides effective natural ventilation by exploiting the wind blowing in from the valley of Gayasan.
Open lattice windows of different sizes are arranged in upper and lower rows on both the front and rear walls of the depositories to promote the optimum flow of air from the valley. Similarly, the floor, which was built by ramming layers of charcoal, clay, sand, salt and lime powder, also helps to control the humidity of the rooms.Historical Heritage of Seoul Print Seoul, the capital of the Republic of Korea, is itself an important part of Korea’s cultural heritage and the most popular attraction among overseas visitors to Korea.
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) World Heritage sites are places of importance to cultural or natural heritage as described in the UNESCO World Heritage Convention, established in The Republic of Korea accepted the convention on 14 September , making its historical sites eligible for inclusion on the list.
South Korea South Korea is officially known as Taehan Min guk (Republic of Korea). This country is in northeastern Asia and occupies the southern part of the Korean Peninsula.
South Korea is bounded on the north by North Korea; on the east by the East Sea (Sea of Japan); on the south bye th. South Korea’s economic freedom score is , making its economy the 27th freest in the Index. Its overall score has decreased by point, with a steep decline for the government.
Korea is a crowded country. It’s a cluster of stony mountains with only a few valleys and plains on which to build. The result is a lot of people in small spaces, and folks will not think twice about pushing and jostling in order to get onto a bus, into an elevator, or to those perfect onions at the market.
With a history that dates back to the Bronze Age and well-preserved historical sites, the heritage of South Korea represents the rich culture and traditions of the country's past.
Presently South Korea flaunts an interesting mix of contemporary architecture alongside the several heritage .